The proposal to include the Einstein Telescope, a pioneering third-generation gravitational-wave (GW) observatory, in the 2021 update of the European Strategic Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) roadmap has been submitted. The ESFRI roadmap describes the future major research infrastructures in Europe. The Einstein Telescope (ET) is the most ambitious project for a future terrestrial observatory for GWs. The amazing scientific achievements of Advanced Virgo (in Europe) and Advanced LIGO (in the USA) in the last 5 years initiated the era of GW astronomy.  The adventure began with the first direct detection of gravitational waves in September of 2015 and continued in August 2017 when Advanced Virgo and Advanced LIGO observed gravitational waves emitted by two coalescing neutron stars. Simultaneously signals of this event were observed with a variety of electromagnetic telescopes (on the ground and in space) over the entire observable wavelength range, from radio waves to gamma rays. This marked the beginning of the era of multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves.

The recent observation by Advanced Virgo and Advanced LIGO of the merging of two stellar black holes to create one 142 times more massive than the Sun (a so-called Intermediate Mass Black Hole) demonstrated the existence of such previously unknown objects in our Universe.

To fully exploit the potential of this new discipline, a new generation of observatories is needed. The Einstein Telescope will enable scientists to detect any coalescence of two intermediate-mass black holes in the entire universe and thus contribute to the understanding of its evolution. This will shed new light on the Dark Universe and will clarify the roles of dark energy and dark matter in the structure of the cosmos. ET will explore the physics of black holes in detail. These are extreme celestial bodies that are predicted by Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity, but they are also places where that theory can fail due to the extremely strong gravitational field. ET will detect thousands of coalescences of neutron stars per year improving our understanding of the behaviour of matter under such extreme conditions of density and pressure as cannot be produced in any laboratory. In addition, we will have a chance to explore the nuclear physics that controls the supernova explosions of the stars.

These challenging scientific targets need a new observatory capable of observing  GWs with a sensitivity  at least one order of magnitude better than the current detectors (the so-called 2nd generation). The Einstein Telescope will be located in a new infrastructure and will apply technologies that are dramatically improved over the current ones. The conceptual design of ET has been supported by a grant of the European Commission. Now a consortium of European countries and of research institutions and universities in Europe has officially submitted the proposal for the realisation of such an infrastructure with the political support of five European countries, Belgium, Poland, Spain and The Netherlands, led by Italy. The European Gravitational Observatory (EGO) in Italy constitutes its transitional headquarters. The ET consortium brings together about 40 research institutions and universities in several European countries, including also France, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Switzerland and United Kingdom. It is hoped that a companion project in the US, Cosmic Explorer, will follow.

Two  sites for the realisation of the ET infrastructure are currently being evaluated: the Euregio Meuse-Rhine, at the borders of Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands, and in Sardinia, Italy. These sites are being studied and a decision about the future location of ET will be made within the next 5 years.

"Because of the international alert on the COVID-19 infection, the ET steering committee discussed the impact of this unexpected situation on the ET symposium organisation. The committee evaluated that the efficiency, the attendance and the success of the symposium could be seriously compromised by the difficulties and obstacles in travelling we are experiencing.
For this reason the steering committee decided to postpone the 11th ET symposium to a new date to be defined when the international situation related to the COVID-19 infection will stabilise. The conference fee will be reimbursed.
We are investigating the possibility to have a 1-day meeting through videoconference."

The 11th ET Symposium is hosted by the LAPP-CNRS laboratories in Annecy, France. The meeting begins the 30th of March, 9am, and ends the day after, 31st of March, at 14:00. The 31st of March afternoon session will be devoted to specific discussions on design issues. Registration and additional information are available in the web page:

https://indico.in2p3.fr/e/ETSymposium2020

1st KAGRA-Virgo-3G detectors workshop is organised the 16th of February in Perugia, Italy. This workshop aims to exploit the synergies between the KAGRA detector, realised in Japan underground and adopting cryogenic mirrors, and the ET observatory, having quite similar technologies. The web site of the event is: https://indico.ego-gw.it/event/12/ 

The 10th ET symposium will be organised the 11th-12th of April 2019 in Orosei, Sardinia, Italy. The event web site is available here.

The ET Letter of Intent submission procedure doesn't give back a feedback. On output file with the result of the signatures is created every few days at the address:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GJoOYWr7vESC8301-jx8MDViORuUw_6E/view

 

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